what-is-torrent-and-how-it-works

TORRENTS – We know that you have heard this term a lot. It automatically gives you a glimpse of pirated movies, music and games. But is really true? Is Torrenting only means movies and music or there are some hidden grand-mom’s cookies in it? Well, don’t worry because we are here to help you out with Torrenting in an impeccable way. In this Article, we will learn about What is Torrent and How it Really Works? So Let’s get Started…

What is TORRENT?

BitTorrent or Torrent is a technology, that enables the user to share file without any second medium. The concept is known as P2P (Peer to peer), which means from one person to another. Initially, BitTorrent was created by Bram Cohen, when he was a student at the University at Buffalo. Now, there are various factors in BitTorrent, let’s break them one by one.

How does it work?

The working of torrent can be defined by its term “P2P”. P2P is a file sharing protocol, that enables the user to share a file in a chunk of data. It is very different than conventional data sharing, where you download a file from one particular server. A single server will give you a fix downloading speed, which relies on the server’s capability. Whereas, in a torrent, a file is shared via multiple sources making it a vast network of servers; aftermath, a superior downloading speed.

Torrent client: In order to download a file from via torrent, you need to have a torrent client, which is nothing but a software that enables the user to download and upload the file to other users. Without the client, you can’t download a torrent file because torrent files are in chunks of data, that is known as pieces. Some of the popular torrent clients are BitTorrent, uTorrent, Vuze, Tixati etc.

Pieces: When you download a torrent file, it is downloaded via multiple sources or users. For example, if your file size is 100 MB and you’re downloading it from 20 different seeders, the file will break down in 10 different pieces and the torrent will download those pieces from the seeders. Once the pieces are download the Torrent Client will add those pieces together and voila your file is downloaded.

Seeders: Basically, a seeder is a user that has downloaded the file completely and is uploading the file to other users. The more the seeders are the healthier the torrent is, which means you get more speed while downloading the file. Users can also set the upload speed limit and priorities for the particular file as well.

Peers/Leechers: A peer is a user who is downloading the file. Once you become a peer, you also start uploading the file but that doesn’t make you a seeder. You can set the limit on upload speed and peers connection as well.

Trackers: A Tracker is a server that keeps track of which seeds and peers are on board. To establish a connection effectively you need a middle man, for the torrent, the Tracker is that middle man, which keeps a record of the torrent file that you’re downloading. A Tracker is nothing but URL of the server. It has metadata about the torrent file, for example, seeders, peers, number of download, date, size etc.

.torrent file: A .torrent file is an extension of a file that is being shared via torrent. This file contains metadata of the file, for example, size, number of the file, tracker information. A .torrent file requires a Tracker in order to download a torrent. Mostly, .torrent files are in KB.

Magnet links: What happens if you remove the Tracker; Magnet links. A magnet link is nothing but a hyperlink that contains the hash code of the torrent file, which your torrent client can immediately use to start downloading the file. In one word you can say that they are the upgraded version of the .torrent file. Magnet links don’t require a tracker, nor does it requires you to download a separate file for adding torrent. Just one click and you’re good to go.

Is it Legal or Illegal?

Just because some people are using this amazing technology as a bad verse doesn’t make it transgressional. Using torrent is not illegal at all, however downloading a pirated or copyright materials like movies and music is illegal. The problem here is that a lot of torrent data is nothing but movies and music and copyright materials. And that’s the preliminary reason why torrent websites are banned in some countries. Some nations have not barred torrent websites rather they have imposed a fine if you download a copyright material.

So, it’s not illegal to download a torrent or open a torrent website. As long as you’re not downloading any copyright material.

That’s all for this guys, feel free to drop your suggestion and ideas in the comment section below. If you have any question regarding torrent drop them below, I’ll be delighted to answer them.

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