The Chandrayaan 3 Lander ‘Vikram’ and rover ‘Pragyan’ are set to touch down on the Lunar surface. They will have their work cut out for them, and this is what they will do once they have arrived to Earth’s sole natural satellite.
The Chandrayaan 3 Lander may land on the moon at a designated spot, releasing the Rover to explore the area while collecting samples for an on-the-spot chemical analysis.
The Chandrayaan 3 Both the Lander and the Rover deliver scientific payloads to the moon’s surface for use in conducting research. The primary goal of the Propulsion Module (PM) was to transport the Lander Module (LM) from the point of injection by the launch vehicle to the final lunar 100 km circular polar orbit and then detach the LM from the PM.
In addition, the PM carries a research payload called the Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload, which will analyze spectral and Polari metric data of Earth from a lunar orbit.
Following are the major specifications of the Chandrayaan 3 lander and rover
Including Rover, the lander weighs a total of 1749.86 kg.
its mission duration is one Lunar day (14 Earth days).
It has four separate scientific payloads.
The near-surface plasma (ions and electrons) density and its variations over time will be measured by the Radio Anatomy of Moon Bound Hypersensitive Ionosphere and Atmosphere (RAMBHA) mission.
The thermal characteristics of the lunar surface close to the polar zone will be measured by the Chandra Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE).
Measurements from the Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) will be used to determine the composition of the lunar crust and mantle around the landing site.
To learn more about the Moon and its orbit, NASA has developed a passive experiment called the Laser Retroreflector Array (LRA).
In addition to the Lander Hazard Detection & Avoidance Camera, the LRA will contain a total of seven sensors.
The six components of a Lander are the Lander leg, the Rover ramp (primary and secondary), the Rover, the Integrated Landing System Assembly, the Rambha and Chaste payloads, the Umbilical connection protection mechanism, and the X- Band antenna Rover.
Quantitative and qualitative elemental analysis using a Laser Induced Breakdown Spectrometer (LIBS) Propulsion Module
To better comprehend the lunar surface, we may use LIBS to determine its chemical composition and, by extension, its mineralogical composition.
The Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) will analyze the lunar soil and rocks around the landing site to identify their elemental makeup (including magnesium, aluminum, silicon, potassium, calcium, titanium, and iron).